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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:02 pm 
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All-Star

Joined: April 18 06, 7:31 pm
Posts: 1268
Location: Tucson, Arizona waiting for a Tesla
pop_haines wrote:
You can't see the conflict of interest?

You've already stated to the board that you are pro-green,
so your stance baffles me.


What is your specific issue with this concept?



Pop's, I have no issue with you, so don't take it that way. we always seem to be on the other side of the fence, but that's what makes discussions interesting and challenges 'traditional' thinking.

(You too, Dent and Clevername)

My issue is Bullsh*t is Bullsh*t no matter if you agree with the outcomes or not, be truthful. I believe it HURTS your argument when you don't use the highest sense of what is truthful. Greens need a better argument is MY point. The CO2 argument doesn't work. We need to get off this oil as fuel crap RIGHT AWAY and we need a better argument than this one. The best argument to me is I'm sick of being led around by oil and their prices and the conseqences of regular pollution as a byproduct (as well as dictatorships profiting off my money!)when we have the technology and capabilities to get off of this NOW!

Go to MDI.com and see how to run cars off of compressed air (!) India has put together a JV with MDI to sell mass units of air compressed cars. There is an Australian company that is working with compressed air also.

Chevrolet claims the VOLT can't get better than 40 miles off a charge?????????? BULLSH*T

Go to phoenixmotors.com and you'll see a SUT and SUV that get 100+ miles to a charge that recharges in 15 minutes.

IMO, we don't need to give Gov'ts more money and power to be Green, so don't buy their excuses.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:05 pm 
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Red Lobster for the seafood lover in you

Joined: May 1 06, 2:41 pm
Posts: 50681
MaskedMan wrote:
we always seem to be on the other side of the fence, but that's what makes discussions interesting and challenges 'traditional' thinking.


That is NOT what makes an interesting and informative debate. Simply being on the other side of the fence is not sufficient. One side cutting and pasting gobs of information from the internet is NOT an intellectually stimulating or healthy debate.

In my opinion.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:06 pm 
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Bringer of FRBG
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Joined: April 16 06, 7:13 pm
Posts: 10385
Location: Alabama
we certainly have the same goal in mind, we just disagree on one of the big benefits of reaching it.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:07 pm 
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Hall Of Famer
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Joined: April 25 06, 6:43 pm
Posts: 11436
Location: Austin
MaskedMan wrote:
Unfortunately, no American Institute has had the resources – namely computer power – to integrate a good climate change model. This is very sad. Reports from the U.S. National Academy of Sciences document the pressing need to supply U.S. climate scientists with adequate computers so they can conduct this important research. Fortunately, the White House has recognized this need, and perhaps, by 2003, the U.S. will make the investment. (If you believe that bad climate changes are about to happen, don’t you also believe that the U.S. should invest in equipment to provide the best calculations and estimates of the future of climate change?)


Climate modeling conducted by foreigners? Oh no! If you would like to help solve the climate modeling computer resources problem, here's an opportunity to pitch in. There is a distributed computing project hosted at http://climateprediction.net/ which allows you to contribute your unused computer cycles to climate modeling. I have this running at home. Now that I have a dual core processor, there is little performance impact of running it in the background while using the computer for other things. The project is, however, run by America hating British climate scientists, so I don't know if we should trust the results.

Of course, it's true that there is a great deal of uncertainty involved in climate modeling. That's why models generally predict a range of outcomes even as they consistently show warming. It's just as likely the the models are under predicting warming as over predicting it.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:10 pm 
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Joined: April 18 06, 7:31 pm
Posts: 1268
Location: Tucson, Arizona waiting for a Tesla
jim wrote:
Hey masked - O'Brien is in bed with Exxon.



Jim, respectfully, that's easy to say but I didn't even list his published works. Has he been in bed with them since 1964? He is SO accomplished his resume is about 50 pages long.

For credibilities sake here are his PRIMARY works (his secondary list of works is just as long):

PRIMARY SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS: Back to the top

1964 Investigation of the diabatic wind profile in the atmospheric boundary layer. Master's Thesis, Texas A&M University.
1965 The rank correlation coefficient as an indicator of the product-moment correlation coefficient for small samples (10-100). J. Geophysical Res., 70, 1995-1998.

1965 An investigation of the diabatic wind profile in the atmospheric boundary layer. J. Geophysical Res., 70, 2277-2290.

1966 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to a stationary, axially-symmetric hurricane. Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University.

1967 Choosing a test for normality for small samples. Archiv fur Meteorologic, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie, 16, (with John F. Griffiths).

1967 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to astationary, axially-symmetric hurricane; I. Upwelling and mixing induced by momentum transfer. J. Atmos.Sci., 24, 197-207 (with R.O. Reid).

1967 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to a stationary, axially-symmetric hurricane; II. Upwelling and mixing induced by momentum transfer. J. Atmos. Sci., 24, 208-215.

1968 Comments on the over-relaxation factor in the numerical solution of the omega equation. Mon. Wea, Rev., 96, 99-104.

1968 An objective analysis of wind data for energy budget studies. J. Appl. Meteor., 7, 333-338 (with A. Gruber).

1969 A direct numerical solution to a one-dimensional Helmholtz equation. J. of Computational Physics, 3, 544-546.

1970 Alternate solutions to the classical vertical velocity problem. J. Appl. Meteor.,9, 197-203.

1970 Boundary conditions for fine-mesh limited-area forecasts. J. Appl. Meteor., 9, 343-349 (with M.A. Shapiro).

1970 A note on the vertical structure of the eddy exchange coefficient in the planetary boundary layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 1213-1215.

1971 Steady coastal upwelling induced by an along-shore current. J. Phys.Oceangr.,1, 180- 186 (with Y. Hsueh).

1972 A numerical model of coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Ocean., 2, 14-26 (with H.Hurlburt).

1973 On advection in phytoplankton models. J. Theor. Biology, 38, 197-202 (with J. Wroblewski).

1973 Time-dependent coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3, 33-46 (with J.D. Thompson).

1973 A multi-layer transient model of coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3 (3),258-273 (with R. McNider).

1973 A study of an Oregon sea breeze event. J. Appl. Meteor., 12, 1267-1283 (with A. Johnson).

1973 A simulation of the mesoscale distribution of the lower marine trophic levels off West Florida. Inv. Pesq., 37(2), 193-244 (with J. Wroblewski).

1974 On upwelling along a zonally-oriented coastline. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4(1), 125-130 (with J. Kindle).

1974 Equatorial jet in the Indian Ocean: Theory. Science, 184, 1075-1077 (with H.E. Hurlburt).

1974 Comments on the use of the Dufort-Frankel finite difference approximation for simulation of diffusion in geophysical fluids. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4, 458-459.

1974 Rotary wind spectra in a seabreeze regime. J. Appl. Meteor., 3, 820-825 (withR.D. Pillsbury).

1974 On the physical and biological scales of phytoplankton patchiness in the ocean. Memoires de la Societe Royale des Sciences de Liege, 8, 43-57, (with J.S. Wroblewski, and T. Platt).

1975 Models of coastal upwelling - A review. Numerical Modelling of Ocean Circulation, National Academy of Sciences, 204-215.

1975 Mesoscale variability of sea surface temperatures. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, 761-772(with C. Holladay).

1976 A three-dimensional simulation of coastal upwelling off Oregon. J. Phys.Oceanogr., 6, 164-180, (with M. Peffley).

1976 Some inaccuracies in finite differencing hyperbolic equations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 104(2), 180-194 (with R. Grotjahn).

1976 A spatial model of phytoplankton patchiness. Marine Biology, 35, 161-175 (with J. Wroblewski).

1976 The Sea, Vol. VI, Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas.New York, Interscience (co-editors: E. Goldberg, J. McCave and J. Steele).

1976 A numerical simulation of the onset of El Nino. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6(5), 621-631 (with H. Hurlburt and J. Kindle).

1976 A system for monitoring the location of harvestable COHO salmon stocks. Marine Fisheries Review, 38(3), 1-7 (with D.J. Wright and B.M. Woodworth).

1977 Observational studies of the marine boundary layer over an upwelling region. Mon. Wea. Rev., 105(1), 86-98 (with D.L. Elliott).

1977 A simulation of the mesoscale distribution of the lower marine trophic levels off West Florida. Chapter 3 in Systems Analysis and Simulation in Ecology, IV, edited by P. Patton, Academic Press, Inc., 63-100 (with J. Wroblewski).

1977 Upwelling in the Ocean: Two and three-dimensional models of upper ocean dynamics and variability. In: Modelling and Prediction of the Upper Layers of the Ocean, ed. E.B. Kraus. Pergamon Press (with numerous authors).

1977 A note on baroclinic equatorial motion. J. Math. and Phys. Sci., Vol. 11, 47-54 (with .G. Hallem).

1978 The seasonal upwelling in the Gulf of Guinea due to remote forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 1050-1060 (with D. Adamec).

1978 A simple model of upwelling in the Gulf of Guinea. Geophysical Research Letters, 641-644 (with D. Adamec and D.W. Moore).

1978 Equatorial adjustment in the eastern Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 637-640 (with numerous authors).

1978 Comment on the presentation and interpretation of spectra of large-scale disturbances. Mon. Wea. Rev., 1204.

1979 Equatorial Oceanography. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, 17(7), 1569-1575.

1980 Numerical simulation of coastal upwelling off the coast of Peru. Proceedings for the Symposium on Innovative Numerical Analysis in Applied Engineering Science, edited by W. Pilkey, Univ. Press of Virginia, 157-168 (with G. W. Heburn).

1980 Open boundary conditions in rotating fluids. J. Comp. Phys., 35, No. 1, 12-35 (with A. Camerlengo).

1980 The influence of bottom topography on upwelling off Peru. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10(9), 1377-1398 (with R. Preller).

1980 The seasonal variability in a model of the tropical Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10, 1929-1951 (with A. Busalacchi).

1980 Progress in Oceanography, 8, Co-Editor with M. Angel, 293 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1981 Coastal wind effects on fjord circulation. Norwegian Coastal Current, eds. Saetre and Mork, 178-214 (with J. Klinck and H. Svendsen).

1981 Ocean Models of El Niño , Chapter 7 in Resource Management and Environmental Uncertainty, edited by Glantz and Thompson, 159-212 (with A. Busalacchi and J. Kindle).

1981 On modelling the turbulent transport of passive biological variables in aquatic ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 1, 29-44 (with J. S. Wroblewski).

1981 Time and space variability of tropical Pacific wind stress. Mon. Wea. Rev.,109, 1190-1207 (with S. Goldenberg).

1981 Wind generation of the Costa Rica Dome. Science, 214(4520), 552-554, (with E. E. Hofmann and A. Busalacchi).

1981 Interannual variability of the Equatorial Pacific in the 1960's. J. Geophys. Res., 86, 10901-10907 (with A. J. Busalacchi).

1982 Progress in Oceanography, 9 , co-editor with Martin Angel, 247 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1982 Geostrophic adjustment in highly dispersive media: an application to the Marginal Ice Zone. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluids, 263-278 (with L. Roed).

1982 A simple model of fjord and coastal circulation interaction. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,11, 1612-1626 (with J. Klinck and H. Svendsen).

1982 Progress in Oceanography, 10, co-editor with M. Angel, 226 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1982 An Assessment of Computational Resource Required for Ocean CirculationModelling. National Academy of Sciences Press, 61 pages (with others).

1983 A coupled ice-ocean model of upwelling in the marginal ice zone. J. Geophys. Res., 88, 2863-2872 (with L. P. Roed).

1983 Atlas of Tropical Pacific Wind-Stress Climatology, 1961-1970. Florida State University, Tallahasse, 200 pp. (with S. B. Goldenberg).

1983 On wind and ocean velocity correlations in a coastal-upwelling system, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 547-550 (with B. Cushman-Roisin, and R. L. Smith).

1983 Regulation of phytoplankton communities by physical processes in upwelling ecosystems. J. Marine Res., 41, 539-556 (with W. O. Smith, R. T. Barber, and G. W. Heburn).

1983 Seasonal and interannual variability of the surface currents in the tropical Pacific Ocean. CNC/SCOR.1983. Proceedings of the Joint Oceanographic Assembly 1982 - General Symposia. Canadian National Committee/ Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Ottawa, Ont., pp. 47-63 (with Louis Nash).

1983 Considerations of coastally forced flow in a branched fjord, Coastal Oceanogr., 451-473 (with J. M. Klinck, and B. Cushman-Roisin).

1983 The state-of-the-art in coastal ocean modelling, a numerical model of coastal upwelling off Peru - including mixed layer dynamnics, Coastal Oceanogr., 113-164 (with G. W. Heburn).

1983The influence of bottom topography on baroclinic transports. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1601-1611 (with B. Cushman-Roisin).

1983 Progress in Oceanography, 11, co-editor with M. Angel, 402 pp.

1983 On the interannual wind-driven response of the tropical Pacific Ocean, Hydrodynamics of the Equatorial Ocean, J. C. J. Nihoul, Editor, Elsevier, pgs. 155-195. (with A. J. Busalacchi and K. Takeuchi).

1983 Interannual variability of the equatorial Pacific - Revisited, J. Geophys.Res., 88, 7551-7562 (with A. J. Busalacchi, and K. Takeuchi).

1983 The interaction of a two-layer isolated mesoscale eddy with bottom topography, J. Phys. Ocean., 13, 1682-1697 (with D. C. Smith IV).

1983 The physical environment in coastal upwelling regions, An Introduction, Progress inOceanography, 12 (3).

1984 A forecasting model for the onset of a major El Nino, Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2326-2337 (with M. Inoue).

1984 Progress in Oceanography, 12, co-editor with M. Angel, approx. 450 pp.

1985 Development and testing of a simple assimilation technique to derive average wind fields from simulated scatterometer data, Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1791-1800 (with D. Legler).

1985 Estimates of oceanic horizontal heat transport in the tropical Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 90, No. C2, 3293-3303, (with A. Pares-Sierra and M. Inoue).

1985 A model of the seasonal circulation in the Arabian Sea forced by observed winds, Prog. in Oceanogr., 14, 353-385, (with M. Luther).

1985 Morphology of the Somali current system during the southwest Monsoon, Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Models, edited by J. C. J. Nihoul, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 405-437, (with M. Luther and A. Meng).

1986 An explicit finite-difference scheme for solving the ocean acoustic parabolic wave equation, Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 11, 937-942, (with G. Peggion).

1986 Assimilation of scatterometer winds into surface pressure fields using a variational method, J. Geophys. Res., 91, No. D7, 7816-7836, (with Jack Harlan, Jr.).

1986 Weibull statistics of wind speed over the ocean, Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 25, No. 10, pp. 1324-1332, (with Edgar Pavia- Lopez).

1986 Predictability of the decay of the 1982/83 El NINO, Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, No. 6,pp. 967-972, (with M. Inoue).

1986 Off-equatorial influence upon Pacific equatorial dynamic height variability during the 1982-1983 El Niño/Southern Oscillation Event, JGeophys. Res., 91, No. C7, pp. 8437-8449, (with S. Pazan, W. B. White and M. Inoue).

1986 An important scientific controversy: ocean CO2 fluxes, J. Geophys. Res.- Oceans, 91, No. C9, p. 10,515.

1986 Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel, 610 pp., editor.

1986 The Diffusive Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 127-144.

1986 Time Integration Schemes, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanography numerical modeling, Reidel Press, 155-163.

1986 The Hyperbolic Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 165-186.

1986 Some Useful Mathematical Preliminaries, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 33-49.

1986 The Steady Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 51-72.

1987 Trends in sea level in the western and central equatorial Pacific during 1974/75-1981, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 92, No. C5, 5045-5051, (with M. Inoue).

1987 Interannual variability in the tropical Pacific for the period 1979-1982, J. Geophys. Res., 92, No. C11, 11,671-11,679, (with M. Inoue, W. White and S. Pazan).

1988 Variability of the upper tropical Pacific Ocean model, J. Geophys. Res.- Ocean, 93, No.C11, 13,930-13,940, (with M. Kubota).

1988 Verification of a numerical ocean model of the Arabian Sea, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean, 93, No. C12, 15,437-15,453, (with M. E. Luther, R. Simmons and D. M. Legler).

1988 On the prediction of the El Nino of 1986-1987, Science, 241, pp. 192-196, (with T. Barnett, N. Graham, M. Cane, S. Zebiak, S. Dolan and D. M. Legler).

1988 Realizing Two-Dimensional Continuous Directed Fields by Vector Fields and an Algorithm to Remove Dichotomous Ambiguity in a Discrete Field, Mathl. Comput. Modelling, 10, No. 11, 853-862, (with W. H. Heil and B. Cushman-Roisin).

1988 Tropical Pacific wind stress analysis for TOGA, IOC Time Series on Ocean Measurements, 4, IOC Tech. Series 33, UNESCO, pp. 11-17, (with D. Legler).

1989 Scales of north Atlantic wind stress curl determined from COADS, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean, 94, No. C1, 831-841, (with L. L. Ehret).

1989 On the determination of hydraulic model parameters using the adjoint state formulation, Modelling Marine Systems, 1, 5-18, CRC Press, edited by A. Davies (with V.G. Panchang).

1989 The seasonal and interannual variability of the California current system: A numerical model, J. Geophys. Res. -Oceans, 94, No. C3, 3159-3180, (with A. Pares-Sierra).

1989 The Wind-driven Seasonal Circulation in the Southern Tropical Indian Ocean,J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 94, 17,985­18,003. (with K. Woodberry and M. Luther).

1989 Objective analysis of pseudo-stress over the Indian Ocean using a direct- minimization approach, Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 709-720 (with D.M. Legler and I.M. Navon).

1989 Empirical Orthogonal Function Analysis of Cloud-Containing Coastal Zone Color Scanner Images of Northeastern North American Coastal Waters, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 94, No. C8, 10,884-10,890, (with D.L. Eslinger and R.L. Iverson).

1989 Modelling the variability in the Somali Current, Mesoscale/Synoptic Coherent Structures in Geophysical Turbulence, edited by J. C. J. Nihoul and B. J. Jamart, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 373-386.

1989 The response of a linear model of the tropical Pacific to surface winds from the NCAR general circulation model, J. Phys. Ocean., 19, 1222-1243, (with N. E. Graham, T. P. Barnett, V. G. Panchang, O. M. Smedstad and R. M. Chervin).

1990 The northeast Pacific Ocean response to the 1982-1983 El Nino, J. Geophys. Res. -Oceans, 95, No. C5, 7155-7166, (with M.A. Johnson).

1990 Relationships between interannual variability in the Arabian Sea and Indian summer monsoon rainfall, J. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 44, 153-165, (with S.K. Dube and M.E. Luther).

1990 Variability in upwelling fields in the northwestern Indian Ocean over the past 18,000 years, Part 1: Model experiments, Paleoceanogr., 5, No. 3, 433-445, (with M. E. Luther and W. L. Prell).

1990 The role of coastal Kelvin waves on the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Mar. Sys., 1, 29-38, (with M. A. Johnson).

1990 Modelling the Pacific Ocean, International J. Supercomputer Applications, 4, No. 2, 37-47, (with M. A. Johnson).

1990 The Ocean's Role in Global Change, The Contemporary System, National Academy Press, (with others).

1991 Analysis of remotely forced oceanic Rossby waves off California, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 96, 749-758, (with J. Shriver and M. A. Johnson).

1991 Variational data assimilation and parameter estimation in an equatorial Pacific Ocean model, Progr. in Oceanography, 26, 179-241, (with O. M. Smedstad).

1991 Variational estimation of the wind stress drag coefficient and the oceanic eddy viscosity profile, J. Phys. Ocean., 21, 709-719, (with L. Yu).

1991 The seasonal circulation of the upper ocean in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 96, C7, 12667-12683, (with J. Potemra and M. Luther).

1991 On the remote forcing of the circulation in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res., 96, No. C11, 20,449-20,454, (with L. Yu and J. Yang).

1992 The 26-day oscillation observed in the satellite SST measurements in the equatorial western Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 97, No. C6, 9605-9618, (with P. Tsai and M. Luther).

1992 Seasonal variation in upper layer thickness of the tropical Pacific, J. Ocean., 48, 59-76, (with M. Kubota).

1992 Equatorial Kelvin waves do not vanish, Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, No. 8, 1764-1766, (with F. Parham).

1992 On the initial condition in parameter estimation, J. Phys. Ocean., 22, No. 11, 1361-1364, (with L. Yu).

1992 Atlas of The Florida State University Tropical Winds for TOGA, 1966-1985, Florida State University, Tallahassee, (with J. Stricherz, J. O'Brien, D. Legler), 250 pp.

1992 The effect of ENSO on rainfall in Chile (1964-1990), TOGA NOTES, 4-7, (with R. H. Nunez and J. F. Shriver).

1992 The Influence of the Alaskan Gyre on the Coastal Circulation in the Gulf of Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 97, No. C11, 17765-17775, (with P. K. Heim II and M. A. Johnson).

1992 Numerical Simulation of Topographically Forced Mesoscale Variability in a Well Mixed Marine Layer, Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2881-2896 (with D. Stuart and L. Eddington).

1992 Observation of mesoscale ocean features in the Northeast Pacific using Geosat radar altimetry data, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 97, No. C11, 17829-17840, (with P. E. Matthews and M. A. Johnson).

1993 An introduction to wavelet analysis in oceanography and meteorology; with application to the dispersion of Yanai waves, Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, No. 10, 2858-2866 (with S. Meyers and B. Kelly).

1993 A coupled atmosphere-ocean model in the tropics with different thermocline profiles, J. of Clim., 6, No. 6, 1027-1040 (with J. Yang).

1993 Global Acoustic Mapping of Ocean Temperatures (GAMOT), Proc. IEEE Oceans, I-253-I-257 (with J. L. Spiesberger, D. E. Frye, H. Hurlburt, J. W. McCaffrey, M. Johnson and J. Kenny).

1993 Atlas of Florida State University Indian Ocean Winds for TOGA 1970-1985, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 216 pp. (with J. N. Stricherz and D. M. Legler).

1993 Mapping ERS1 Wind Fields Over North West Atlantic Using a Variational Objective Analysis, Proceedings Second ERS1 Symposium, ESA SP-361, 1017-1022, (with L. Siefridt, D. M. Legler, and B. Barnier).

1994 Spatial and Temporal 26-day SST Variations in the Equatorial Indian Ocean Using Wavelet Analysis, Geophysical Research Letters, 21, No.9, 777-780, (with S.D. Meyers).

1994 The Sensitivity to Parametric Variation in Direct Minimization Techniques, Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, No. 7, 1622-1639, (with D. Legler, S. Meyers, C. S. Jones and K. Miles).

1994 Continuous Data Assimilation of Drifting Buoy Trajectory into an Equatorial Pacific Ocean Model, J. Mar. Sys., 6, 159-178, (with M. Kamachi)

1994 Spheroidal eigenfunctions of the tidal equation, The Physical Review Letters, 73, No. 11, 1557-1560, (with D. Müller and B. G. Kelly).

1994 Fractal trajectories in a numerical model of the upper Indian Ocean, Nonlinear Proc. in Geophys., 1, 45-50, (with S. D. Meyers and J. F. Magnan).

1994 Marginal Probabilities of the Extremes of ENSO Events for Temperature and Precipitation in the Southeastern United States, Technical Report 94-1, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, (with M. Sittel and D. M. Legler).

1994 The use of satellite scatterometer winds to drive a primitive-equation model of the Indian Ocean: the impact of the band-like sampling, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 99, No. C7, 14187-14196, (with B. Barnier and J. Capella).

1995 Continuous data assimilation of drifting buoy trajectory into an equatorial Pacific Ocean model, J. Marine Systems, 6(1-2), pp 159-178.( With Kamachi, M.)

1995 Variability of Surface Fluxes over the Indian Ocean; 1960-1989, Global-Atmosphere Ocean System,3, 249-272, (with C. S. Jones and D. M. Legler).

1995 Variational Data Assimilation for Determining the Seasonal Net Surface Heat Flux Using a Tropical Pacific Ocean Model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, (10) 2319-2343, (with L. Yu).

1995 Shallow water waves on the rotating sphere Phys. Rev. Let., 51, No. 5, 4418-4431, (with D. Muller and B. G. Kelly).

1995 On a Generating Mechanism for Yanai Waves and the 25-day Oscillation, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 100C, 10,589-10,612, (with B.G. Kelly and S.D. Meyers).

1995 Effects of the Indo-Pacific throughflow on the upper tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 100, No. C9, 18, 409-18, 420 (with M. A. Verschell, and J. C. Kindle).

1995 Low frequency variability of the equatorial Pacific Ocean using a new pseudo-stress data set: 1930-1989, J. Clim., Vol. 8, No. 11, (with J. Shriver).

1995 The value of improved long-range weather information: Southeastern US ENSO forecasts as they influence US agriculture, Contemporary Economic Policy, July issue, (with R. M. Adams, K. J. Bryant, B. A. McCarl, D. M. Legler, A. Solow and R. Weiher), 10-19.

1996 Information Content in the ERS-1 Three-Day Repeat Orbit Scatterometer Winds Over the North Pacific From January Through March 1992, Monthly Weather Report,124, (4) 583-601, (with P. Beaudoin and D. M. Legler).

1996 Pacific Ocean influences atmospheric carbon dioxide, EOS, 76,(1),533,537 (with S. D. Meyers).

1996 Pseudo-Spectral Methods and Linear Instabilities in Reaction-Diffusion Fronts, Chaos, 6 , (2), 219-228. (with W. B. Jones).

1996 A Physically Consistent Formulation of Lateral Friction in Shallow Water Equation Ocean Models, Monthly Weather Review, 124, 1285-1300, (with A. Shchepetkin).

1996 The effect of El Niño on US landfalling hurricanes. Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society, 77, 773-774 (with T. Richards).

1996 Interdecadel variability in a numerical model of the northeast Pacific Ocean 1970-1989, J. Phys. Ocean.,26, 2635-2652 (with S. D. Meyers, M. A. Johnson, M. Liu and J. L. Spiesberger).

1997 Wind Observations From New Satellite and Research Vessels Agree (EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Soc.) , 78, 597-602 (with M.A. Bourassa, M.H.Freilich, D.M. Legler, and W.T. Liu). [Full Text]



1998 Are Gulf Landfalling Hurricanes Getting Stronger? Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 79 (7), pp.1327-1328 (with Bove, M.C., and D.F. Zierden).

1998 Effect of El Nino on U.S. Landfalling Hurricanes, Revisited, Bulletin of the Am. Met. Soc., 79,11, pp. 2477-2482 (with Bove, M.C., Elsner, J.B., Landsea, C.W., and Niu, Xufeng).

1998 The Generation of Synthetic Sea Surface Tempature Data for the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, No. 11, pp. 2809 - 2821 [Corrigendum: Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, No. 4, p. 5751] (with Caron, J. M.).

1998 A Review of the Predictability and Prediction of ENSO, J.Geophys.Res.,103(C7), pp.14,375-14,393 (with Latif, M., D. Anderson, T. Barnett, M. Cane, R. Kleeman, A. Leetmaa, A. Rosati, and E. Schneider).

1998 TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry captures cycles of the Indian Ocean, International WOCE Newsletter, 31, pp.41-42p>(with Meyers, S. D., S. K. Basu)

1998 The Connectivity of eddy variability in the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res.Oceans, 104 (CI), pp. 1431-1453 (with Murphy, S., and H.E. Hurlburt).

1998 5-day average wind over NorthWest Atlantic from ERS1 using a variational analysis. The Global Atmos.and Ocean Sys., pp.5,317-5,344 (with Siefridt, L., B. Barnier, and D.M. Legler).

1998 Role of multiple-level tropospheric circulations in forcing ENSO winter precipitation anomalies. Mon. Wea. Rev., Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 126, pp. 3102-3116 (with Smith,S. R., P. M. Green, and A. P. Leonardi).

1998 The value of improved ENSO prediction to US agriculture, Climatic Change, 39 (1), pp.47-60 (with Solow, A., R. M. Adams, K.J. Bryant, D. M. Legler, B. A. McCarl, W. Nayda, and R. Weiher).

1998 Acoustic Thermometry Data Compared With Two Ocean Models: The Importance of Rossby Waves and ENSO in Modifying the Ocean Interior. Dynamics of Atmos.and Ocean., 26,4, pp.209-240 (with Speisberger, J. L., H.E.Hurlburt, M.A. Johnson, M. Keller, and S. D. Meyers).

1999 Non-Inertial Flow in NSCAT Observations of Tehuantepec Winds, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 104 (C5), pp. 11,311 - 11,319 (with Bourassa, M.A., and L. Zamudio).

1999 The Effects of El Nino on Rainfall and Fire in Florida, The Florida Geographer, 30, pp. 55-69 (with Jones, C. S., and J. F. Shriver).

1999 Impact of ENSO related climate anomalies on crop yields in the U.S., 42(2), pp.351-375 (with Legler, D. M., and K. G. Bryant).

1999 An Archive of Underway Surface Meteorology Data from WOCE. Papers from CLIMAR, Vancouver, Canada, WMO,pp.42-45 (with Legler, D. M., S. R. Smith)

1999 Wind driven effects on the yellow sea warm current. J.Geophys.Res., J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. C13, pp. 30, 713-30, 729 (with Mask, A. C., and R. Preller).

1999 El Nino induced ocean eddies in the Gulf of Alaska, Earth Interactions, 3. [Available online at http://earthinteractions.org](with Melsom, A., H. Hurlburt, J. Metzger, S. Meyers).

1999 Detection of the fast Kelvin Wave teleconnection due to El Nino- Southern Oscillation, J.Geograph.Res., Vol. 103 (C12), pp. 27,655 - 27,663 (with Meyers, S. D.).

1999 Reconstruction of monthly SST in the Tropical Pacific Ocean during 1868?1993 using adaptive climate basis functions, Mon.Wea.Rev., 127, pp. 1,599 - 1,612 (with Meyers, S. D., and E. Thelin).

1999 Multi- and quasi-decadal variations of sea surface temperature anomaly in the North Atlantic, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, pp. 3,133 - 3,144 (with Mizoguchi, K., S. D. Meyers, and S. K. Basu).

1999 Preface, J. Geophys. Res., 104 (C5), page 11,229.

2000 Annual and interannual sea level variations in the Indian Ocean from Topex/Poseidon observations and ocean model simulations, J. Geophy. Res., 105 (CI), pp. 975 - 994 (with Basu, S. K., and S. D. Meyers).

2000 Model Estimates Hurricane Wind Speed Probabilities, Eos. Vol. 81, No. 38, pp. 443, 438 (with Murnane, R.J, C. Barton, et al).

2000 Interannual variability of synthesized FSU and NCEP-NCAR reanalysis pseudostress products over the Pacific Ocean. J. Clim, 13, pp. 3003-3016 (with Putnam, W., and D.M. Legler).

2000 Comparison of 1997-1998 US Temperature and Precipitation Anomalies to Historical ENSO Warm Phases, J. Clim., 12, pp. 3,507 - 3,515 (with Smith, S.R., D.M. Legler, and M.J. Remigio).

2000 Cyclone Surface Pressure Fields and Frontogenesis from NASA Scatterometer Winds, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 105, pp. 23967-23982 (with Zierden, D.F., and M.A. Bourassa).

2001 Interannual Variability of Upper Ocean Vorticity Balances in the Gulf of Alaska, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 106, pp. 4479-4493 (with Murray, C. P., and S. L. Morey).

2001 Objectively derived daily "Winds" from Satellite Scatterometer Data. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, pp. 3150 - 3168 (with Pegion, P.J., M.A. Bourassa, and D.M. Legler).

2001 Regional Snowfall Distributions Associated with ENSO: Implications for Seasonal Forecasting, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, pp. 1179-1191 (with Smith, S. R.).

2001 ENSO and Eddies on the Southwest Coast of Mexico, Geophys. Res. Letters, 28 (1), pp. 13-16 (with Zamudio, L., A.P. Leonardi, S. Meyers).

2001 The Dynamics Of The East Australian Current SystemThe Tasman Front, The East Auckland Current, And The East Cape Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, No. 10, pp. 2917-2943. (with Tilburg, C., H. Hurlburt and J. Shriver)

2001 A data assimilation with an ocean circulation model and its application to the tropical Atlantic, Applied Mathematical Modeling, 25, 655-670. (with Belyaev, K., C. Tanajura)

2002 Interannual variability in the Eastern subtropical North Pacific Ocean. J.Phys. Oceano. Vol. 32, No. 6, pp.1824-1837. (with Leonardi, A.P.and Hurlburt, H.)

2002 Responding to Stakeholder's demands for Climate Information from Research to Practical Applications in Florida, Agricultural Systems 74: 415-430 (with Jagtap, S.S., J.W. Jones, P.Hildebrand, D. Letson, G. Podesta, F. Zazueta and D. Zierden)

2002 The Spring Transition From Horizontal to Vertical Thermal Stratification on a Mid-Latitude Continental Shelf, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 107(C8), 3097, doi:10.1029/2001JC000826 (with Morey, S. L.).

2002 Early detection of tropical cyclones using SeaWinds-derived vorticity. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 83, 879-889 (with Sharp, R.J., and M.A. Bourassa).

2002 The dynamics of the East Australian Current System-The Tasman Front, the East Auckland Current, and the East Cape Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., Vol31 No.10, pp2917-2943 (with Tilburg, C., H. Hurlburt, and J. Shriver).

2002 Ocean color variability in the Tasman Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, 10, 125-1 to 125-4.(with Tilberg, C.E., B. Subrahmanyam)

2002 Seasonal variability of the export of river discharged freshwater in the nothern Gulf of Mexico, MTS/IEEE Oceans 2002 Proceedings,1480-1484. (with Morey, S. L., W. W. Schroeder, and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2002 Definition(s) of La Niña, La Niña and Its Impacts - Facts and Speculation, ed. Michael H. Glantz, The United Nations University, pp. 31-35.

2003 Scatterometry Data Sets: High Quality Winds Over Water. Advances in the Applications of Marine Climatology - The Dynamic Part of the WMO Guide to the Applications of Marine Climatology. WMO/TD-No.1081 (JCOMM Technical Report No.13), in press. (with Bourassa, M. A., David M. Legler)

2003 SeaWinds Validation with Research Vessels, J. Geophys. Res.,108, D0120.1029/2001JC001081 (with Bourassa, M.A., D.M. Legler, and S.R. Smith).

2003 Scatterometer-derived research-qaulity surface pressure fields for the Southern Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C7): Art. No. 3244 JUL 29 2003 (with Hilburn, K. A., Bourassa, M. A)

2003 A quantitative evaluation of ENSO indices, Notes and Correspondence, J. Clim., 16, 1249-1258(with Hanley, D., Bourassa, M. A and Smith, S. R., and E. Spade)

2003 Export pathways for river discharged fresh water in the northern Gulf of Mexico, J. Geophys.Res., Vol. 108, No.C10, 3303 10.1029/2002JC001674. (with Morey, S. L., P.J. Martin)

2003 The annual cycle of riverine influence in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, Geophys. Res. Let.,30(16),doi:10.1029/2003GL017348. (with Morey, S. L., Schroeder, W. W. and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2003 Impacts of ENSO on United States snowfall frequencies., Weather and Forecasting,18,pp.965-980.(with Patten, J. M., S. R. Smith)

2003 Isthmus of Tehuantepec wind climatology and ENSO signal, Journal of Climate, Vol. 16, No. 15, 2628-2639.(with Romero-Centeno, R., J. Zavala-Hidalgo, A. Gallegos)

2003 Reply to "Comments on 'Early Detection of Tropical Cyclones Using SeaWinds-Derived Vorticity,'" Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84.p.1417-1417.(with Sharp, R. J., M. A. Bourassa)

2003 A Note on Korean Monsoon Energetics, Korean Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 6, 55-61.(with Shin, D.W.)

2003 Report and Recommendations from the Workshop on High-Resolution Marine Meteorology, COAPS Technical Report, 2003-01. (with Smith, S. R., R. M. Reynolds)

2003 Calibrating The Quikscat/Seawinds Radar For Measuring Rainrate Over The Oceans, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing ,41, 2814-2820. (with Weissman, D., M. A. Bourassa, and J. Tongue)

2003 ENSO impact on hurricane landfall probabilities for the Caribbean, J. Climate, 16, 2925-2931. (with Tartaglione, C., S. R. Smith )

2003 Seasonal circulation on the western shelf of the Gulf of Mexico, J. Geophys. Res.,108.pp.3389, doi:10.1029/2003JC001879. (with Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge, S. L. Morey)

2003 Cyclonic Eddies Northeast of the Campeche Bank from Altimetry Data, Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol.33, 3 623-629 (with Jorge Zavala-Hidalgo, Steven L. Morey)



2003 Convective activity in the Labrador Sea: Preconditioning associated with decadal variability in subsurface ocean stratification, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No.C10, 3330, doi:10.1029/2002JC001735 (with K.Mizoguchi, S.L. Morey, J. Zavala-Hidalgo, N. Suginohara.S. Hakkinen)

2004 The Impact of Water Turbidity on Interannual Sea Surface Temperature Simulations in a Layered Global Ocean Model, J. Physical Oceanogr.34(2):345-359. (with Kara, A. B., H. E. Hurlburt, P. A. Rochford)

2004 ENSO impacts on peak wind gusts in the United States. Journal of Climate, 17, 1728-1737.(with Enloe, J., J. J. O'Brien, and S. R. Smith)

2004 Potential Predictability in the NCEP CPC Dynamical Seasonal Forecast System, Journal of Climate 17(19):3775-3785. (With Phelps, Michael W., Kumar, Arun)


2004 A relationship between low-frequency north Atlantic sea surface temperature and eastern North American climate, Journal of Climate (submitted)(with Arguez, A., Smith,S.R)

2004: In situ based pseudo-wind stress products for the tropical oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85, 979-994. (with Smith, S. R., J. Servain, D. M. Legler, J. N. Stricherz, and M. A. Bourassa)

2004: Remotely sensed winds for episodic forcing of ocean models. J. Geophys. Res., (in review).(with Morey, S. L., M. A. Bourassa, X. J. Davis and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2004 Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the oceanic eddy flow: dynamical insights from a model-data comparison, Journal of Physical Oceanography,(in press)(with T. Penduff, b.Barnier, W.K. Dewar)

2004 A New Technique for the estimation of Sea Surface Salinity in the Tropical Indian Ocean from OLR, J. Geophys. Res.,109, doi:10.1029/2003JC001928 (with V.S.N. Murty, Bulusu Subrahmanyam, V. Tilvi).

2004 Dynamical Response of the Oceanic Eddy Field to the North Atlantic Oscillation: A Model–DataComparison, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34(12), 2615-–269(with Penduff.T, Bernard Barnier and W. K. Dewar)

2005 Detection of the MJO Signal from Quik-SCAT. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22, 1885-1894.(with Arguez, A., M. A. Bourassa.

2005 Air-Sea coupling during the tropical-cyclones in the Indian Ocean- a case study using satellite observations, Pure and Applied Geophysics 162(8-9), p1643-1672 (with Subrahmanyam B., V.S.N. Murty and R.J. Sharp)

2005 Near real-time temperature and salinity profiles in the Indian Ocean derived from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry. Geophysical Research Lettets (in review). (With Subrahmanyam, B., W. Shi, J.M. Morrison)


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:12 pm 
Offline
All-Star

Joined: April 18 06, 7:31 pm
Posts: 1268
Location: Tucson, Arizona waiting for a Tesla
pop_haines wrote:
MaskedMan wrote:


Pop's, I have no issue with you, so don't take it that way. we always seem to be on the other side of the fence, but that's what makes discussions interesting and challenges 'traditional' thinking.



Oh, I don't think you have an issue w/ me; far from it.

My question was why you take issue with the concept of Global Warming.




It is an invalid argument, IMO.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:14 pm 
Offline
Red Lobster for the seafood lover in you

Joined: May 1 06, 2:41 pm
Posts: 50681
O'Brien is a quack.

MaskedMan wrote:
jim wrote:
Hey masked - O'Brien is in bed with Exxon.



Jim, respectfully, that's easy to say but I didn't even list his published works. Has he been in bed with them since 1964? He is SO accomplished his resume is about 50 pages long.

For credibilities sake here are his PRIMARY works (his secondary list of works is just as long):

PRIMARY SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS: Back to the top

1964 Investigation of the diabatic wind profile in the atmospheric boundary layer. Master's Thesis, Texas A&M University.
1965 The rank correlation coefficient as an indicator of the product-moment correlation coefficient for small samples (10-100). J. Geophysical Res., 70, 1995-1998.

1965 An investigation of the diabatic wind profile in the atmospheric boundary layer. J. Geophysical Res., 70, 2277-2290.

1966 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to a stationary, axially-symmetric hurricane. Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University.

1967 Choosing a test for normality for small samples. Archiv fur Meteorologic, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie, 16, (with John F. Griffiths).

1967 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to astationary, axially-symmetric hurricane; I. Upwelling and mixing induced by momentum transfer. J. Atmos.Sci., 24, 197-207 (with R.O. Reid).

1967 The non-linear response of a two-layer baroclinic ocean to a stationary, axially-symmetric hurricane; II. Upwelling and mixing induced by momentum transfer. J. Atmos. Sci., 24, 208-215.

1968 Comments on the over-relaxation factor in the numerical solution of the omega equation. Mon. Wea, Rev., 96, 99-104.

1968 An objective analysis of wind data for energy budget studies. J. Appl. Meteor., 7, 333-338 (with A. Gruber).

1969 A direct numerical solution to a one-dimensional Helmholtz equation. J. of Computational Physics, 3, 544-546.

1970 Alternate solutions to the classical vertical velocity problem. J. Appl. Meteor.,9, 197-203.

1970 Boundary conditions for fine-mesh limited-area forecasts. J. Appl. Meteor., 9, 343-349 (with M.A. Shapiro).

1970 A note on the vertical structure of the eddy exchange coefficient in the planetary boundary layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 1213-1215.

1971 Steady coastal upwelling induced by an along-shore current. J. Phys.Oceangr.,1, 180- 186 (with Y. Hsueh).

1972 A numerical model of coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Ocean., 2, 14-26 (with H.Hurlburt).

1973 On advection in phytoplankton models. J. Theor. Biology, 38, 197-202 (with J. Wroblewski).

1973 Time-dependent coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3, 33-46 (with J.D. Thompson).

1973 A multi-layer transient model of coastal upwelling. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3 (3),258-273 (with R. McNider).

1973 A study of an Oregon sea breeze event. J. Appl. Meteor., 12, 1267-1283 (with A. Johnson).

1973 A simulation of the mesoscale distribution of the lower marine trophic levels off West Florida. Inv. Pesq., 37(2), 193-244 (with J. Wroblewski).

1974 On upwelling along a zonally-oriented coastline. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4(1), 125-130 (with J. Kindle).

1974 Equatorial jet in the Indian Ocean: Theory. Science, 184, 1075-1077 (with H.E. Hurlburt).

1974 Comments on the use of the Dufort-Frankel finite difference approximation for simulation of diffusion in geophysical fluids. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4, 458-459.

1974 Rotary wind spectra in a seabreeze regime. J. Appl. Meteor., 3, 820-825 (withR.D. Pillsbury).

1974 On the physical and biological scales of phytoplankton patchiness in the ocean. Memoires de la Societe Royale des Sciences de Liege, 8, 43-57, (with J.S. Wroblewski, and T. Platt).

1975 Models of coastal upwelling - A review. Numerical Modelling of Ocean Circulation, National Academy of Sciences, 204-215.

1975 Mesoscale variability of sea surface temperatures. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, 761-772(with C. Holladay).

1976 A three-dimensional simulation of coastal upwelling off Oregon. J. Phys.Oceanogr., 6, 164-180, (with M. Peffley).

1976 Some inaccuracies in finite differencing hyperbolic equations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 104(2), 180-194 (with R. Grotjahn).

1976 A spatial model of phytoplankton patchiness. Marine Biology, 35, 161-175 (with J. Wroblewski).

1976 The Sea, Vol. VI, Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas.New York, Interscience (co-editors: E. Goldberg, J. McCave and J. Steele).

1976 A numerical simulation of the onset of El Nino. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 6(5), 621-631 (with H. Hurlburt and J. Kindle).

1976 A system for monitoring the location of harvestable COHO salmon stocks. Marine Fisheries Review, 38(3), 1-7 (with D.J. Wright and B.M. Woodworth).

1977 Observational studies of the marine boundary layer over an upwelling region. Mon. Wea. Rev., 105(1), 86-98 (with D.L. Elliott).

1977 A simulation of the mesoscale distribution of the lower marine trophic levels off West Florida. Chapter 3 in Systems Analysis and Simulation in Ecology, IV, edited by P. Patton, Academic Press, Inc., 63-100 (with J. Wroblewski).

1977 Upwelling in the Ocean: Two and three-dimensional models of upper ocean dynamics and variability. In: Modelling and Prediction of the Upper Layers of the Ocean, ed. E.B. Kraus. Pergamon Press (with numerous authors).

1977 A note on baroclinic equatorial motion. J. Math. and Phys. Sci., Vol. 11, 47-54 (with .G. Hallem).

1978 The seasonal upwelling in the Gulf of Guinea due to remote forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 1050-1060 (with D. Adamec).

1978 A simple model of upwelling in the Gulf of Guinea. Geophysical Research Letters, 641-644 (with D. Adamec and D.W. Moore).

1978 Equatorial adjustment in the eastern Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 637-640 (with numerous authors).

1978 Comment on the presentation and interpretation of spectra of large-scale disturbances. Mon. Wea. Rev., 1204.

1979 Equatorial Oceanography. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, 17(7), 1569-1575.

1980 Numerical simulation of coastal upwelling off the coast of Peru. Proceedings for the Symposium on Innovative Numerical Analysis in Applied Engineering Science, edited by W. Pilkey, Univ. Press of Virginia, 157-168 (with G. W. Heburn).

1980 Open boundary conditions in rotating fluids. J. Comp. Phys., 35, No. 1, 12-35 (with A. Camerlengo).

1980 The influence of bottom topography on upwelling off Peru. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10(9), 1377-1398 (with R. Preller).

1980 The seasonal variability in a model of the tropical Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10, 1929-1951 (with A. Busalacchi).

1980 Progress in Oceanography, 8, Co-Editor with M. Angel, 293 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1981 Coastal wind effects on fjord circulation. Norwegian Coastal Current, eds. Saetre and Mork, 178-214 (with J. Klinck and H. Svendsen).

1981 Ocean Models of El Niño , Chapter 7 in Resource Management and Environmental Uncertainty, edited by Glantz and Thompson, 159-212 (with A. Busalacchi and J. Kindle).

1981 On modelling the turbulent transport of passive biological variables in aquatic ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 1, 29-44 (with J. S. Wroblewski).

1981 Time and space variability of tropical Pacific wind stress. Mon. Wea. Rev.,109, 1190-1207 (with S. Goldenberg).

1981 Wind generation of the Costa Rica Dome. Science, 214(4520), 552-554, (with E. E. Hofmann and A. Busalacchi).

1981 Interannual variability of the Equatorial Pacific in the 1960's. J. Geophys. Res., 86, 10901-10907 (with A. J. Busalacchi).

1982 Progress in Oceanography, 9 , co-editor with Martin Angel, 247 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1982 Geostrophic adjustment in highly dispersive media: an application to the Marginal Ice Zone. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluids, 263-278 (with L. Roed).

1982 A simple model of fjord and coastal circulation interaction. J. Phys. Oceanogr.,11, 1612-1626 (with J. Klinck and H. Svendsen).

1982 Progress in Oceanography, 10, co-editor with M. Angel, 226 p., Pergamon Press, Oxford.

1982 An Assessment of Computational Resource Required for Ocean CirculationModelling. National Academy of Sciences Press, 61 pages (with others).

1983 A coupled ice-ocean model of upwelling in the marginal ice zone. J. Geophys. Res., 88, 2863-2872 (with L. P. Roed).

1983 Atlas of Tropical Pacific Wind-Stress Climatology, 1961-1970. Florida State University, Tallahasse, 200 pp. (with S. B. Goldenberg).

1983 On wind and ocean velocity correlations in a coastal-upwelling system, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 547-550 (with B. Cushman-Roisin, and R. L. Smith).

1983 Regulation of phytoplankton communities by physical processes in upwelling ecosystems. J. Marine Res., 41, 539-556 (with W. O. Smith, R. T. Barber, and G. W. Heburn).

1983 Seasonal and interannual variability of the surface currents in the tropical Pacific Ocean. CNC/SCOR.1983. Proceedings of the Joint Oceanographic Assembly 1982 - General Symposia. Canadian National Committee/ Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Ottawa, Ont., pp. 47-63 (with Louis Nash).

1983 Considerations of coastally forced flow in a branched fjord, Coastal Oceanogr., 451-473 (with J. M. Klinck, and B. Cushman-Roisin).

1983 The state-of-the-art in coastal ocean modelling, a numerical model of coastal upwelling off Peru - including mixed layer dynamnics, Coastal Oceanogr., 113-164 (with G. W. Heburn).

1983The influence of bottom topography on baroclinic transports. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1601-1611 (with B. Cushman-Roisin).

1983 Progress in Oceanography, 11, co-editor with M. Angel, 402 pp.

1983 On the interannual wind-driven response of the tropical Pacific Ocean, Hydrodynamics of the Equatorial Ocean, J. C. J. Nihoul, Editor, Elsevier, pgs. 155-195. (with A. J. Busalacchi and K. Takeuchi).

1983 Interannual variability of the equatorial Pacific - Revisited, J. Geophys.Res., 88, 7551-7562 (with A. J. Busalacchi, and K. Takeuchi).

1983 The interaction of a two-layer isolated mesoscale eddy with bottom topography, J. Phys. Ocean., 13, 1682-1697 (with D. C. Smith IV).

1983 The physical environment in coastal upwelling regions, An Introduction, Progress inOceanography, 12 (3).

1984 A forecasting model for the onset of a major El Nino, Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2326-2337 (with M. Inoue).

1984 Progress in Oceanography, 12, co-editor with M. Angel, approx. 450 pp.

1985 Development and testing of a simple assimilation technique to derive average wind fields from simulated scatterometer data, Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1791-1800 (with D. Legler).

1985 Estimates of oceanic horizontal heat transport in the tropical Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 90, No. C2, 3293-3303, (with A. Pares-Sierra and M. Inoue).

1985 A model of the seasonal circulation in the Arabian Sea forced by observed winds, Prog. in Oceanogr., 14, 353-385, (with M. Luther).

1985 Morphology of the Somali current system during the southwest Monsoon, Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Models, edited by J. C. J. Nihoul, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 405-437, (with M. Luther and A. Meng).

1986 An explicit finite-difference scheme for solving the ocean acoustic parabolic wave equation, Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 11, 937-942, (with G. Peggion).

1986 Assimilation of scatterometer winds into surface pressure fields using a variational method, J. Geophys. Res., 91, No. D7, 7816-7836, (with Jack Harlan, Jr.).

1986 Weibull statistics of wind speed over the ocean, Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 25, No. 10, pp. 1324-1332, (with Edgar Pavia- Lopez).

1986 Predictability of the decay of the 1982/83 El NINO, Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, No. 6,pp. 967-972, (with M. Inoue).

1986 Off-equatorial influence upon Pacific equatorial dynamic height variability during the 1982-1983 El Niño/Southern Oscillation Event, JGeophys. Res., 91, No. C7, pp. 8437-8449, (with S. Pazan, W. B. White and M. Inoue).

1986 An important scientific controversy: ocean CO2 fluxes, J. Geophys. Res.- Oceans, 91, No. C9, p. 10,515.

1986 Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel, 610 pp., editor.

1986 The Diffusive Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 127-144.

1986 Time Integration Schemes, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanography numerical modeling, Reidel Press, 155-163.

1986 The Hyperbolic Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 165-186.

1986 Some Useful Mathematical Preliminaries, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 33-49.

1986 The Steady Problem, J. J. O'Brien, editor, Advanced physical oceanographic numerical modelling, Reidel Press, 51-72.

1987 Trends in sea level in the western and central equatorial Pacific during 1974/75-1981, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 92, No. C5, 5045-5051, (with M. Inoue).

1987 Interannual variability in the tropical Pacific for the period 1979-1982, J. Geophys. Res., 92, No. C11, 11,671-11,679, (with M. Inoue, W. White and S. Pazan).

1988 Variability of the upper tropical Pacific Ocean model, J. Geophys. Res.- Ocean, 93, No.C11, 13,930-13,940, (with M. Kubota).

1988 Verification of a numerical ocean model of the Arabian Sea, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean, 93, No. C12, 15,437-15,453, (with M. E. Luther, R. Simmons and D. M. Legler).

1988 On the prediction of the El Nino of 1986-1987, Science, 241, pp. 192-196, (with T. Barnett, N. Graham, M. Cane, S. Zebiak, S. Dolan and D. M. Legler).

1988 Realizing Two-Dimensional Continuous Directed Fields by Vector Fields and an Algorithm to Remove Dichotomous Ambiguity in a Discrete Field, Mathl. Comput. Modelling, 10, No. 11, 853-862, (with W. H. Heil and B. Cushman-Roisin).

1988 Tropical Pacific wind stress analysis for TOGA, IOC Time Series on Ocean Measurements, 4, IOC Tech. Series 33, UNESCO, pp. 11-17, (with D. Legler).

1989 Scales of north Atlantic wind stress curl determined from COADS, J. Geophys. Res.-Ocean, 94, No. C1, 831-841, (with L. L. Ehret).

1989 On the determination of hydraulic model parameters using the adjoint state formulation, Modelling Marine Systems, 1, 5-18, CRC Press, edited by A. Davies (with V.G. Panchang).

1989 The seasonal and interannual variability of the California current system: A numerical model, J. Geophys. Res. -Oceans, 94, No. C3, 3159-3180, (with A. Pares-Sierra).

1989 The Wind-driven Seasonal Circulation in the Southern Tropical Indian Ocean,J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 94, 17,985­18,003. (with K. Woodberry and M. Luther).

1989 Objective analysis of pseudo-stress over the Indian Ocean using a direct- minimization approach, Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 709-720 (with D.M. Legler and I.M. Navon).

1989 Empirical Orthogonal Function Analysis of Cloud-Containing Coastal Zone Color Scanner Images of Northeastern North American Coastal Waters, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 94, No. C8, 10,884-10,890, (with D.L. Eslinger and R.L. Iverson).

1989 Modelling the variability in the Somali Current, Mesoscale/Synoptic Coherent Structures in Geophysical Turbulence, edited by J. C. J. Nihoul and B. J. Jamart, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 373-386.

1989 The response of a linear model of the tropical Pacific to surface winds from the NCAR general circulation model, J. Phys. Ocean., 19, 1222-1243, (with N. E. Graham, T. P. Barnett, V. G. Panchang, O. M. Smedstad and R. M. Chervin).

1990 The northeast Pacific Ocean response to the 1982-1983 El Nino, J. Geophys. Res. -Oceans, 95, No. C5, 7155-7166, (with M.A. Johnson).

1990 Relationships between interannual variability in the Arabian Sea and Indian summer monsoon rainfall, J. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 44, 153-165, (with S.K. Dube and M.E. Luther).

1990 Variability in upwelling fields in the northwestern Indian Ocean over the past 18,000 years, Part 1: Model experiments, Paleoceanogr., 5, No. 3, 433-445, (with M. E. Luther and W. L. Prell).

1990 The role of coastal Kelvin waves on the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Mar. Sys., 1, 29-38, (with M. A. Johnson).

1990 Modelling the Pacific Ocean, International J. Supercomputer Applications, 4, No. 2, 37-47, (with M. A. Johnson).

1990 The Ocean's Role in Global Change, The Contemporary System, National Academy Press, (with others).

1991 Analysis of remotely forced oceanic Rossby waves off California, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 96, 749-758, (with J. Shriver and M. A. Johnson).

1991 Variational data assimilation and parameter estimation in an equatorial Pacific Ocean model, Progr. in Oceanography, 26, 179-241, (with O. M. Smedstad).

1991 Variational estimation of the wind stress drag coefficient and the oceanic eddy viscosity profile, J. Phys. Ocean., 21, 709-719, (with L. Yu).

1991 The seasonal circulation of the upper ocean in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 96, C7, 12667-12683, (with J. Potemra and M. Luther).

1991 On the remote forcing of the circulation in the Bay of Bengal, J. Geophys. Res., 96, No. C11, 20,449-20,454, (with L. Yu and J. Yang).

1992 The 26-day oscillation observed in the satellite SST measurements in the equatorial western Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 97, No. C6, 9605-9618, (with P. Tsai and M. Luther).

1992 Seasonal variation in upper layer thickness of the tropical Pacific, J. Ocean., 48, 59-76, (with M. Kubota).

1992 Equatorial Kelvin waves do not vanish, Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, No. 8, 1764-1766, (with F. Parham).

1992 On the initial condition in parameter estimation, J. Phys. Ocean., 22, No. 11, 1361-1364, (with L. Yu).

1992 Atlas of The Florida State University Tropical Winds for TOGA, 1966-1985, Florida State University, Tallahassee, (with J. Stricherz, J. O'Brien, D. Legler), 250 pp.

1992 The effect of ENSO on rainfall in Chile (1964-1990), TOGA NOTES, 4-7, (with R. H. Nunez and J. F. Shriver).

1992 The Influence of the Alaskan Gyre on the Coastal Circulation in the Gulf of Alaska, J. Geophys. Res., Oceans, 97, No. C11, 17765-17775, (with P. K. Heim II and M. A. Johnson).

1992 Numerical Simulation of Topographically Forced Mesoscale Variability in a Well Mixed Marine Layer, Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2881-2896 (with D. Stuart and L. Eddington).

1992 Observation of mesoscale ocean features in the Northeast Pacific using Geosat radar altimetry data, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 97, No. C11, 17829-17840, (with P. E. Matthews and M. A. Johnson).

1993 An introduction to wavelet analysis in oceanography and meteorology; with application to the dispersion of Yanai waves, Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, No. 10, 2858-2866 (with S. Meyers and B. Kelly).

1993 A coupled atmosphere-ocean model in the tropics with different thermocline profiles, J. of Clim., 6, No. 6, 1027-1040 (with J. Yang).

1993 Global Acoustic Mapping of Ocean Temperatures (GAMOT), Proc. IEEE Oceans, I-253-I-257 (with J. L. Spiesberger, D. E. Frye, H. Hurlburt, J. W. McCaffrey, M. Johnson and J. Kenny).

1993 Atlas of Florida State University Indian Ocean Winds for TOGA 1970-1985, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 216 pp. (with J. N. Stricherz and D. M. Legler).

1993 Mapping ERS1 Wind Fields Over North West Atlantic Using a Variational Objective Analysis, Proceedings Second ERS1 Symposium, ESA SP-361, 1017-1022, (with L. Siefridt, D. M. Legler, and B. Barnier).

1994 Spatial and Temporal 26-day SST Variations in the Equatorial Indian Ocean Using Wavelet Analysis, Geophysical Research Letters, 21, No.9, 777-780, (with S.D. Meyers).

1994 The Sensitivity to Parametric Variation in Direct Minimization Techniques, Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, No. 7, 1622-1639, (with D. Legler, S. Meyers, C. S. Jones and K. Miles).

1994 Continuous Data Assimilation of Drifting Buoy Trajectory into an Equatorial Pacific Ocean Model, J. Mar. Sys., 6, 159-178, (with M. Kamachi)

1994 Spheroidal eigenfunctions of the tidal equation, The Physical Review Letters, 73, No. 11, 1557-1560, (with D. Müller and B. G. Kelly).

1994 Fractal trajectories in a numerical model of the upper Indian Ocean, Nonlinear Proc. in Geophys., 1, 45-50, (with S. D. Meyers and J. F. Magnan).

1994 Marginal Probabilities of the Extremes of ENSO Events for Temperature and Precipitation in the Southeastern United States, Technical Report 94-1, Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, (with M. Sittel and D. M. Legler).

1994 The use of satellite scatterometer winds to drive a primitive-equation model of the Indian Ocean: the impact of the band-like sampling, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 99, No. C7, 14187-14196, (with B. Barnier and J. Capella).

1995 Continuous data assimilation of drifting buoy trajectory into an equatorial Pacific Ocean model, J. Marine Systems, 6(1-2), pp 159-178.( With Kamachi, M.)

1995 Variability of Surface Fluxes over the Indian Ocean; 1960-1989, Global-Atmosphere Ocean System,3, 249-272, (with C. S. Jones and D. M. Legler).

1995 Variational Data Assimilation for Determining the Seasonal Net Surface Heat Flux Using a Tropical Pacific Ocean Model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, (10) 2319-2343, (with L. Yu).

1995 Shallow water waves on the rotating sphere Phys. Rev. Let., 51, No. 5, 4418-4431, (with D. Muller and B. G. Kelly).

1995 On a Generating Mechanism for Yanai Waves and the 25-day Oscillation, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 100C, 10,589-10,612, (with B.G. Kelly and S.D. Meyers).

1995 Effects of the Indo-Pacific throughflow on the upper tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 100, No. C9, 18, 409-18, 420 (with M. A. Verschell, and J. C. Kindle).

1995 Low frequency variability of the equatorial Pacific Ocean using a new pseudo-stress data set: 1930-1989, J. Clim., Vol. 8, No. 11, (with J. Shriver).

1995 The value of improved long-range weather information: Southeastern US ENSO forecasts as they influence US agriculture, Contemporary Economic Policy, July issue, (with R. M. Adams, K. J. Bryant, B. A. McCarl, D. M. Legler, A. Solow and R. Weiher), 10-19.

1996 Information Content in the ERS-1 Three-Day Repeat Orbit Scatterometer Winds Over the North Pacific From January Through March 1992, Monthly Weather Report,124, (4) 583-601, (with P. Beaudoin and D. M. Legler).

1996 Pacific Ocean influences atmospheric carbon dioxide, EOS, 76,(1),533,537 (with S. D. Meyers).

1996 Pseudo-Spectral Methods and Linear Instabilities in Reaction-Diffusion Fronts, Chaos, 6 , (2), 219-228. (with W. B. Jones).

1996 A Physically Consistent Formulation of Lateral Friction in Shallow Water Equation Ocean Models, Monthly Weather Review, 124, 1285-1300, (with A. Shchepetkin).

1996 The effect of El Niño on US landfalling hurricanes. Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society, 77, 773-774 (with T. Richards).

1996 Interdecadel variability in a numerical model of the northeast Pacific Ocean 1970-1989, J. Phys. Ocean.,26, 2635-2652 (with S. D. Meyers, M. A. Johnson, M. Liu and J. L. Spiesberger).

1997 Wind Observations From New Satellite and Research Vessels Agree (EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Soc.) , 78, 597-602 (with M.A. Bourassa, M.H.Freilich, D.M. Legler, and W.T. Liu). [Full Text]



1998 Are Gulf Landfalling Hurricanes Getting Stronger? Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 79 (7), pp.1327-1328 (with Bove, M.C., and D.F. Zierden).

1998 Effect of El Nino on U.S. Landfalling Hurricanes, Revisited, Bulletin of the Am. Met. Soc., 79,11, pp. 2477-2482 (with Bove, M.C., Elsner, J.B., Landsea, C.W., and Niu, Xufeng).

1998 The Generation of Synthetic Sea Surface Tempature Data for the Equatorial Pacific Ocean. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, No. 11, pp. 2809 - 2821 [Corrigendum: Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, No. 4, p. 5751] (with Caron, J. M.).

1998 A Review of the Predictability and Prediction of ENSO, J.Geophys.Res.,103(C7), pp.14,375-14,393 (with Latif, M., D. Anderson, T. Barnett, M. Cane, R. Kleeman, A. Leetmaa, A. Rosati, and E. Schneider).

1998 TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry captures cycles of the Indian Ocean, International WOCE Newsletter, 31, pp.41-42p>(with Meyers, S. D., S. K. Basu)

1998 The Connectivity of eddy variability in the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res.Oceans, 104 (CI), pp. 1431-1453 (with Murphy, S., and H.E. Hurlburt).

1998 5-day average wind over NorthWest Atlantic from ERS1 using a variational analysis. The Global Atmos.and Ocean Sys., pp.5,317-5,344 (with Siefridt, L., B. Barnier, and D.M. Legler).

1998 Role of multiple-level tropospheric circulations in forcing ENSO winter precipitation anomalies. Mon. Wea. Rev., Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 126, pp. 3102-3116 (with Smith,S. R., P. M. Green, and A. P. Leonardi).

1998 The value of improved ENSO prediction to US agriculture, Climatic Change, 39 (1), pp.47-60 (with Solow, A., R. M. Adams, K.J. Bryant, D. M. Legler, B. A. McCarl, W. Nayda, and R. Weiher).

1998 Acoustic Thermometry Data Compared With Two Ocean Models: The Importance of Rossby Waves and ENSO in Modifying the Ocean Interior. Dynamics of Atmos.and Ocean., 26,4, pp.209-240 (with Speisberger, J. L., H.E.Hurlburt, M.A. Johnson, M. Keller, and S. D. Meyers).

1999 Non-Inertial Flow in NSCAT Observations of Tehuantepec Winds, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 104 (C5), pp. 11,311 - 11,319 (with Bourassa, M.A., and L. Zamudio).

1999 The Effects of El Nino on Rainfall and Fire in Florida, The Florida Geographer, 30, pp. 55-69 (with Jones, C. S., and J. F. Shriver).

1999 Impact of ENSO related climate anomalies on crop yields in the U.S., 42(2), pp.351-375 (with Legler, D. M., and K. G. Bryant).

1999 An Archive of Underway Surface Meteorology Data from WOCE. Papers from CLIMAR, Vancouver, Canada, WMO,pp.42-45 (with Legler, D. M., S. R. Smith)

1999 Wind driven effects on the yellow sea warm current. J.Geophys.Res., J. Geophys. Res., 103, No. C13, pp. 30, 713-30, 729 (with Mask, A. C., and R. Preller).

1999 El Nino induced ocean eddies in the Gulf of Alaska, Earth Interactions, 3. [Available online at http://earthinteractions.org](with Melsom, A., H. Hurlburt, J. Metzger, S. Meyers).

1999 Detection of the fast Kelvin Wave teleconnection due to El Nino- Southern Oscillation, J.Geograph.Res., Vol. 103 (C12), pp. 27,655 - 27,663 (with Meyers, S. D.).

1999 Reconstruction of monthly SST in the Tropical Pacific Ocean during 1868?1993 using adaptive climate basis functions, Mon.Wea.Rev., 127, pp. 1,599 - 1,612 (with Meyers, S. D., and E. Thelin).

1999 Multi- and quasi-decadal variations of sea surface temperature anomaly in the North Atlantic, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, pp. 3,133 - 3,144 (with Mizoguchi, K., S. D. Meyers, and S. K. Basu).

1999 Preface, J. Geophys. Res., 104 (C5), page 11,229.

2000 Annual and interannual sea level variations in the Indian Ocean from Topex/Poseidon observations and ocean model simulations, J. Geophy. Res., 105 (CI), pp. 975 - 994 (with Basu, S. K., and S. D. Meyers).

2000 Model Estimates Hurricane Wind Speed Probabilities, Eos. Vol. 81, No. 38, pp. 443, 438 (with Murnane, R.J, C. Barton, et al).

2000 Interannual variability of synthesized FSU and NCEP-NCAR reanalysis pseudostress products over the Pacific Ocean. J. Clim, 13, pp. 3003-3016 (with Putnam, W., and D.M. Legler).

2000 Comparison of 1997-1998 US Temperature and Precipitation Anomalies to Historical ENSO Warm Phases, J. Clim., 12, pp. 3,507 - 3,515 (with Smith, S.R., D.M. Legler, and M.J. Remigio).

2000 Cyclone Surface Pressure Fields and Frontogenesis from NASA Scatterometer Winds, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 105, pp. 23967-23982 (with Zierden, D.F., and M.A. Bourassa).

2001 Interannual Variability of Upper Ocean Vorticity Balances in the Gulf of Alaska, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 106, pp. 4479-4493 (with Murray, C. P., and S. L. Morey).

2001 Objectively derived daily "Winds" from Satellite Scatterometer Data. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, pp. 3150 - 3168 (with Pegion, P.J., M.A. Bourassa, and D.M. Legler).

2001 Regional Snowfall Distributions Associated with ENSO: Implications for Seasonal Forecasting, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, pp. 1179-1191 (with Smith, S. R.).

2001 ENSO and Eddies on the Southwest Coast of Mexico, Geophys. Res. Letters, 28 (1), pp. 13-16 (with Zamudio, L., A.P. Leonardi, S. Meyers).

2001 The Dynamics Of The East Australian Current SystemThe Tasman Front, The East Auckland Current, And The East Cape Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, No. 10, pp. 2917-2943. (with Tilburg, C., H. Hurlburt and J. Shriver)

2001 A data assimilation with an ocean circulation model and its application to the tropical Atlantic, Applied Mathematical Modeling, 25, 655-670. (with Belyaev, K., C. Tanajura)

2002 Interannual variability in the Eastern subtropical North Pacific Ocean. J.Phys. Oceano. Vol. 32, No. 6, pp.1824-1837. (with Leonardi, A.P.and Hurlburt, H.)

2002 Responding to Stakeholder's demands for Climate Information from Research to Practical Applications in Florida, Agricultural Systems 74: 415-430 (with Jagtap, S.S., J.W. Jones, P.Hildebrand, D. Letson, G. Podesta, F. Zazueta and D. Zierden)

2002 The Spring Transition From Horizontal to Vertical Thermal Stratification on a Mid-Latitude Continental Shelf, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 107(C8), 3097, doi:10.1029/2001JC000826 (with Morey, S. L.).

2002 Early detection of tropical cyclones using SeaWinds-derived vorticity. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 83, 879-889 (with Sharp, R.J., and M.A. Bourassa).

2002 The dynamics of the East Australian Current System-The Tasman Front, the East Auckland Current, and the East Cape Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., Vol31 No.10, pp2917-2943 (with Tilburg, C., H. Hurlburt, and J. Shriver).

2002 Ocean color variability in the Tasman Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, 10, 125-1 to 125-4.(with Tilberg, C.E., B. Subrahmanyam)

2002 Seasonal variability of the export of river discharged freshwater in the nothern Gulf of Mexico, MTS/IEEE Oceans 2002 Proceedings,1480-1484. (with Morey, S. L., W. W. Schroeder, and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2002 Definition(s) of La Niña, La Niña and Its Impacts - Facts and Speculation, ed. Michael H. Glantz, The United Nations University, pp. 31-35.

2003 Scatterometry Data Sets: High Quality Winds Over Water. Advances in the Applications of Marine Climatology - The Dynamic Part of the WMO Guide to the Applications of Marine Climatology. WMO/TD-No.1081 (JCOMM Technical Report No.13), in press. (with Bourassa, M. A., David M. Legler)

2003 SeaWinds Validation with Research Vessels, J. Geophys. Res.,108, D0120.1029/2001JC001081 (with Bourassa, M.A., D.M. Legler, and S.R. Smith).

2003 Scatterometer-derived research-qaulity surface pressure fields for the Southern Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C7): Art. No. 3244 JUL 29 2003 (with Hilburn, K. A., Bourassa, M. A)

2003 A quantitative evaluation of ENSO indices, Notes and Correspondence, J. Clim., 16, 1249-1258(with Hanley, D., Bourassa, M. A and Smith, S. R., and E. Spade)

2003 Export pathways for river discharged fresh water in the northern Gulf of Mexico, J. Geophys.Res., Vol. 108, No.C10, 3303 10.1029/2002JC001674. (with Morey, S. L., P.J. Martin)

2003 The annual cycle of riverine influence in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, Geophys. Res. Let.,30(16),doi:10.1029/2003GL017348. (with Morey, S. L., Schroeder, W. W. and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2003 Impacts of ENSO on United States snowfall frequencies., Weather and Forecasting,18,pp.965-980.(with Patten, J. M., S. R. Smith)

2003 Isthmus of Tehuantepec wind climatology and ENSO signal, Journal of Climate, Vol. 16, No. 15, 2628-2639.(with Romero-Centeno, R., J. Zavala-Hidalgo, A. Gallegos)

2003 Reply to "Comments on 'Early Detection of Tropical Cyclones Using SeaWinds-Derived Vorticity,'" Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84.p.1417-1417.(with Sharp, R. J., M. A. Bourassa)

2003 A Note on Korean Monsoon Energetics, Korean Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 6, 55-61.(with Shin, D.W.)

2003 Report and Recommendations from the Workshop on High-Resolution Marine Meteorology, COAPS Technical Report, 2003-01. (with Smith, S. R., R. M. Reynolds)

2003 Calibrating The Quikscat/Seawinds Radar For Measuring Rainrate Over The Oceans, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing ,41, 2814-2820. (with Weissman, D., M. A. Bourassa, and J. Tongue)

2003 ENSO impact on hurricane landfall probabilities for the Caribbean, J. Climate, 16, 2925-2931. (with Tartaglione, C., S. R. Smith )

2003 Seasonal circulation on the western shelf of the Gulf of Mexico, J. Geophys. Res.,108.pp.3389, doi:10.1029/2003JC001879. (with Zavala-Hidalgo, Jorge, S. L. Morey)

2003 Cyclonic Eddies Northeast of the Campeche Bank from Altimetry Data, Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol.33, 3 623-629 (with Jorge Zavala-Hidalgo, Steven L. Morey)



2003 Convective activity in the Labrador Sea: Preconditioning associated with decadal variability in subsurface ocean stratification, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108, No.C10, 3330, doi:10.1029/2002JC001735 (with K.Mizoguchi, S.L. Morey, J. Zavala-Hidalgo, N. Suginohara.S. Hakkinen)

2004 The Impact of Water Turbidity on Interannual Sea Surface Temperature Simulations in a Layered Global Ocean Model, J. Physical Oceanogr.34(2):345-359. (with Kara, A. B., H. E. Hurlburt, P. A. Rochford)

2004 ENSO impacts on peak wind gusts in the United States. Journal of Climate, 17, 1728-1737.(with Enloe, J., J. J. O'Brien, and S. R. Smith)

2004 Potential Predictability in the NCEP CPC Dynamical Seasonal Forecast System, Journal of Climate 17(19):3775-3785. (With Phelps, Michael W., Kumar, Arun)


2004 A relationship between low-frequency north Atlantic sea surface temperature and eastern North American climate, Journal of Climate (submitted)(with Arguez, A., Smith,S.R)

2004: In situ based pseudo-wind stress products for the tropical oceans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 85, 979-994. (with Smith, S. R., J. Servain, D. M. Legler, J. N. Stricherz, and M. A. Bourassa)

2004: Remotely sensed winds for episodic forcing of ocean models. J. Geophys. Res., (in review).(with Morey, S. L., M. A. Bourassa, X. J. Davis and J. Zavala-Hidalgo)

2004 Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the oceanic eddy flow: dynamical insights from a model-data comparison, Journal of Physical Oceanography,(in press)(with T. Penduff, b.Barnier, W.K. Dewar)

2004 A New Technique for the estimation of Sea Surface Salinity in the Tropical Indian Ocean from OLR, J. Geophys. Res.,109, doi:10.1029/2003JC001928 (with V.S.N. Murty, Bulusu Subrahmanyam, V. Tilvi).

2004 Dynamical Response of the Oceanic Eddy Field to the North Atlantic Oscillation: A Model–DataComparison, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34(12), 2615-–269(with Penduff.T, Bernard Barnier and W. K. Dewar)

2005 Detection of the MJO Signal from Quik-SCAT. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22, 1885-1894.(with Arguez, A., M. A. Bourassa.

2005 Air-Sea coupling during the tropical-cyclones in the Indian Ocean- a case study using satellite observations, Pure and Applied Geophysics 162(8-9), p1643-1672 (with Subrahmanyam B., V.S.N. Murty and R.J. Sharp)

2005 Near real-time temperature and salinity profiles in the Indian Ocean derived from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry. Geophysical Research Lettets (in review). (With Subrahmanyam, B., W. Shi, J.M. Morrison)


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:14 pm 
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jim wrote:
That is NOT what makes an interesting and informative debate.

I respectfully disagree, jim.

The process of debate allows participants to analyze the similarities and differences between differing viewpoints, so that the audience can understand where opinions diverge and why. Debate is also an excellent way to model the analytical and communicative processes that students are learning whenever they examine course material through oral or written work. We hope that in-class debates will challenge students to think critically about course material, and will provide a forum for them to develop the arts of expression that allow them to communicate their ideas.

Many people assume that debate must be a zero-sum competition. In fact, debate competitions do work in this way, but only with an elaborate system of criteria and theory for argumentation that is designed to make it easier to discern who “won” a particular argument or round. Rules created for competition may not prove useful in an academic context, which also makes the paradigm of deciding a winner and a loser difficult to implement. Some faculty chose to have students decide who won and others prefer to focus on the analysis that comes out of the debate. Both approaches are useful because both require students to think about what sort of criteria should be used to decide a question, which is often another debate.

How do I…

Set up an in-class debate?
The most important aspect of any debate is the topic. For a good debate you will need to create a statement, called a resolution, that people could either affirm or negate. Ideally people will be able to affirm or negate the resolution for a variety of reasons, with many possibilities for constructing sophisticated positions on each side. It’s also important to guard against framing a resolution that allows people to focus on unproductive, tangential questions.

Most faculty require students to research the topic that they are debating. Often faculty guide students to good sources so that they are using the best information when they present to the class.

The logistics of creating a format that allows everyone to participate without taking too much class time can be tricky. CWiC can help you create a format that meets your needs, but here are a couple of rules of thumb to consider. You can have students debate one-on-one or in teams. Teams of 2 or 3 people work well, but larger teams can make the debate confusing. Each debate should have four to six speeches (each team needs at least two speeches to construct a position and rebut the other team). Speeches are typically around 5 minutes in length. Each debate requires 30-50 minutes of class-time. Post-debate questions and discussion is often very lively and very useful, so you may want to build in time for these activities.

It is possible to have the entire class debate in a class session by alternating short speeches by members of the class. In this format it is also possible to debate a question with more than two positions.

How do I prepare for a debate?
Debate begins with research. Based on your research, you should construct an argument in support of your position. It is important to understand that a position is what you are assigned (affirm or negate the topic) but an argument (or thesis) is a way of understanding that position. In other words your thesis should be more than “I disagree with the resolution ‘resolved that the United States government should abolish the estate tax.’” A thesis that states “We should retain the estate tax because it prevents the development of dynasties, which are economically inefficient” provides one way of understanding the topic.

You should compose a complete persuasive speech that supports your thesis. (Notice that for the above example the speech would have to argue, at a minimum, that the estate tax prevents dynasties and that dynasties are inefficient). For a detailed explanation on how to compose a strong argument check out our handout on organization at http://www.sas.upenn.edu/cwic

Once you have a good idea of how you will argue your position, you should anticipate the arguments of the opposing team. What sorts of arguments can they make in support of their position? Are their problems with these arguments? How do they affect your case? Should you address them in your opening speech? How will you respond if they are brought up?

How do I debate?
Each speech in a debate round
has a different purpose. Typically, there are six speeches in each round, alternating between affirmative and negative, beginning with the affirmative. Each side can be represented by one person or a team. For the purposes of this explanation we’ll assume that people are debating in teams.

The first speech, called the “constructive,” introduces the argument of each team. In the second speech, or the “rebuttal,” each team critically analyzes the opposing team’s argument. The third speech is a “summation” in which each team pulls their strongest arguments from all the previous exchanges and makes their strongest appeal to the audience. Often 1-2 minutes of preparation time is given to debaters between speeches.

Debates can be made more complex by having each speaker both analyze the opposing team’s argument and defend their own in every speech.

What is “flowing” and how do I do it?
One of the hallmarks of good debate is organization. Without organization it is difficult for speakers to remember what was said and analyze each other’s arguments thoroughly. A method for note-taking that also organizes all the speeches in the round is called “flowing.” Flowing means that you write down the arguments in a chart that maps what was said during the entire round so that during and after the round you can easily evaluate the performance of both teams.

The table below is a simplified flow chart. Each column represents one speech. The top half of each column represents affirmative arguments and the bottom half represents negative arguments. (This division does not apply to the last two columns since they summarize arguments from both teams).

Affirmative Constructive Negative Constructive Affirmative Rebuttal Negative Rebuttal Affirmative Summation Negative Summation
Affirmative Arguments Thesis

A
B
C

 Thesis
A
B
C Best Arguments Best Arguments
Negative Arguments
XXXX
Thesis
1
2
3 Thesis
1
2
3
XXXX

When the affirmative begins the round with their first constructive speech, each person should be flowing the main points of that speech into the upper left box on their paper. (The affirmative should begin the round with the speech already flowed so that they can deliver it extemporaneously from their flow sheet). The same process occurs when the negative delivers their constructive. While the constructive speeches are being delivered by the speaker and flowed by the audience, the person delivering the corresponding rebuttal speech can flow their responses to the arguments they hear in the column created for the their rebuttal speech. These speakers will have some preparation time to look over these notes and organize their speech before they deliver their rebuttal. The last speaker probably has the most difficult job. This speaker has several minutes of preparation time to distill the arguments in both the constructives and rebuttals and create a new speech which compares the two positions and highlights the strongest arguments for their team.

By now you probably think flowing is too technical to bother with! The first time you try it, you will find that it’s not as difficult as it sounds, and that it is an essential tool for keeping the debate organized. If you would like further help and clarification, please contact the CWiC Center.

Some helpful tools for organizing the round:

Signposting: Signposts are just labels for each idea in a speech and give clarity to any sort of oral communication. In debate they are especially important because they help the audience flow and help the audience understand how your argument is put together. You can be a little more obvious about your signposting in debate than you would in a typical speech to make sure people are following you. It’s perfectly acceptable to say “My first point is…”

Consistent Vocabulary: Use the same word each time you refer to a particular concept. If you use synonymous words or phrases when referring to the same concept, some members of the audience may think you are embarking on a new and different concept. Likewise, highlight subtle differences between concepts by using different vocabulary when speaking about them.

Listening
When you debate you will spend as much or more time listening as you spend speaking. It is your listening skills, not your speaking skills, that will determine the quality of your performance in the round. You will need to listen actively to understand your opponents argument so that you can develop a proper response.

Some elements of active listening:
 Come to class prepared
 Listen for the main ideas that organize each speech
 Distinguish between the speaker’s argument and their support
 Take notes
 Ask yourself how each part of a person’s speech supports (or does not support!) their thesis
 Identify gaps in your understanding of the speaker’s argument. Are they due to incomplete understanding on your part? Are they due to flaws in the speaker’s reasoning or communication?
 Wait until the speaker has completed a thought before you evaluate it
 Give great attention to the particular words a speaker chooses. The meaning of vocabulary chosen by the speaker can have great effect on the meaning of an entire argument
 At the end of each speech ask yourself whether the speaker supported all the claims they made in their thesis
 Demonstrate that you are listening attentively by making eye contact and responding, (verbally or non-verbally), where appropriate

Opportunities to Practice:
You are welcome to make an appointment during our office hours to hold a practice debate and receive helpful criticism from a Speaking Advisor. Our office can be reached by phone, (215 573-6309), or by email (cwic@sas.upenn.edu).


Last edited by haltz on November 7 07, 2:17 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:16 pm 
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haltz wins the thread.


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PostPosted: November 7 07, 2:24 pm 
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Nice post Haltz!


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